Sensitive to Light
Photophobia: Causes, Treatments & Prevention
Eye Pigment Eye color is created by melanin, which also dictates skin color. The more melanin in your iris, which is the colored area surrounding the pupil, the darker your eye color will be.
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Light eyes such as blue, green or grey are more sensitive in sunlight. In cases where the photophobia is a symptom of an underlying issue, treating the issue will likely cause relief in your sensitivity. This will vary depending on the ailment but could include pain medications, eye drops or antibiotics, or anti-inflammatory medications.
What Causes Your Eyes to Be Sensitive to Light?
If you are uncomfortable, speak to your eye doctor about the best options for your condition. How to Deal with Photophobia The most effective way to reduce the discomfort caused by photophobia is to stay out of sunlight and dim indoor lights as much as possible while you are experiencing symptoms.
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Patient History Form. According to Medline Plus from the National Library of Medicine, some causes of sensitivity to light include:. Up to 80 percent of people who have photophobia experience a migraine along with the sensitivity to light. According to the American Migraine Foundation, light sensitivity is a symptom of migraines.
Not all headaches that cause light sensitivity are migraines—individuals who have tension and cluster headaches can also have sensitivity around bright lights. If you experience chronic headaches due to light sensitivity, discuss your symptoms with a doctor as these may indicate a serious condition, including a brain injury or disease.
Tumors in the pituitary gland can also contribute to eye pain and headache issues. In some cases, the tumor produces hormones that can cause a variety of symptoms, including headache.
Photophobia: Why are Your Eyes Sensitive to Light?
In other cases, tumors can grow and begin putting pressure on the surrounding areas in the brain and nerves and can result in headaches and vision loss. Treatment depends on the symptoms; your doctor may suggest surgery or medicines to counteract excess hormones.
Some medications and supplements contain ingredients that may increase sensitivity to light, according to the Wisconsin Department of Health Services.